All fields of science, Higher education, Headcount, Total, Researchers

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Source: OECD: R-D personnel by sector of employment and field of science    # of Reporting Countries: 33
Frequency: Annual    Earliest: 1996-12     Latest: 2014-12

2009-12 2010-12 2011-12 2012-12 2013-12 2014-12
1) Austria
29,039
32,008
33,781
2) Belgium
30,354
30,561
31,353
3) Czech Republic
19,419
19,977
20,732
21,134
22,957
4) Denmark
22,971
23,919
25,848
25,881.5
27,080
5) Estonia
4,485
4,624
4,638
4,742
4,792
4,811
6) Finland
22,993
23,173
22,404
7) France
105,508
109,425.59
110,148.5
111,036
113,058
8) Germany
218,149.63
231,860.9
241,411.24
251,940.14
261,657.1
9) Greece
32,842
38,724
10) Hungary
18,395
17,332
17,059
16,551
16,023
11) Iceland
1,310
1,910
12) Ireland
11,353.87
11,057.88
11,140.5
11,222
11,127.04
13) Italy
77,085
75,690
74,749
76,654
77,737
14) Japan
308,987
312,099
313,912
315,244
317,658
321,571
15) Luxembourg
550
541
619
708
828
16) Netherlands
22,557
24,385
24,403
24,589
17) Norway
21,315
21,643
21,812
21,901
22,588
18) Poland
70,592
70,829
70,235
68,923
69,027
19) Portugal
46,717
48,677
47,017
48,007
52,827
20) Romania
18,137
18,540
15,086
15,569
14,884
21) Russia
33,847
38,640
43,121
43,024
42,605
44,342
22) Singapore
14,419
16,344
16,722
17,374
17,971
23) Slovakia
16,485
17,826
18,363
18,011
17,917
17,668
24) Slovenia
4,231
4,696
4,938
4,695
4,310
25) South Korea
88,554
93,509
95,750
96,916
97,319
26) Spain
125,130
129,696
127,085
123,245
117,925
27) Sweden
37,566
40,855
42,894
28) Turkey
83,281
87,897
95,188
108,478
113,409
126,046
29) United Kingdom
284,277
290,736
307,065
315,229.8
330,382
CSV