Central Bank Survey, Ratio of Monetary Base to Broad Money, Percent

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Source: International Monetary Fund (IMF): International Financial Statistics (IFS)    # of Reporting Countries: 180
Frequency: Annual    Earliest: 1948-12     Latest: 2014-12

2008-12 2009-12 2010-12 2011-12 2012-12 2013-12 2014-12
1) Afghanistan
60.9
58
62
64.3
61.2
64.3
67.4
2) Albania
33.3
32.7
28.9
27.1
26.5
26.8
27.9
3) Algeria
29.6
33
34.7
35.3
38.4
39.6
38.3
4) Angola
28.2
30.5
30.9
27.5
26.5
26.5
5) Anguilla
9.26
9.82
9.42
8.78
9.67
9.62
10.6
6) Antigua and Barbuda
11.7
13
14.4
16.8
17.4
20
26.9
7) Argentina
46.9
47.5
47.4
46.7
48.8
49.4
45.4
8) Armenia
63.5
62.8
57
59.6
52.6
59.1
53
9) Aruba
28.3
28.3
31.3
25.3
31.5
29.8
29.6
10) Australia
4.52
4.34
4.06
3.95
3.89
3.9
3.86
11) Bahamas
11
11.7
13.6
14.1
14.5
13.9
15.7
12) Bahrain
19.8
20.2
21.9
19
22
20.1
22.1
13) Bangladesh
18.5
18.1
18.2
18
18
16.4
16.3
14) Barbados
11.9
11.1
15) Belarus
24.9
17.9
20.3
16.9
18.8
17.8
16.3
16) Belize
19.5
20.5
19.9
21.6
23.2
26.6
30.6
17) Benin
47.9
42.5
39.8
37.2
35.1
35.4
38.4
18) Bhutan
44.6
50.1
52.4
39
33.4
36.9
46.4
19) Bolivia
39.5
43.3
43.6
47
46.3
43.3
40.4
20) Bosnia Herzegovina
45.8
44.4
43.3
40.6
38.9
39.8
40.5
21) Botswana
53.1
53.6
54.3
35.8
31
24.2
21.1
22) Brazil
10.7
10.2
20.5
19.2
14.3
14.8
12.5
23) Brunei
15.5
13.5
13.9
19.3
20.7
21
20.6
24) Bulgaria
32.6
29.8
28.9
27.9
30.3
28.1
29.5
25) Burkina Faso
39
37.4
28.5
24.6
22.3
19.2
19.9
26) Burundi
32.9
35.7
31.2
29.7
29.9
33
34.4
27) Cambodia
51.3
54.2
52.5
54.4
46.1
44.9
42.9
28) Cameroon
55.6
55.7
55.5
48.9
53.2
44.1
42.3
29) Canada
2.66
30) Cape Verde
25.5
25.5
23.3
21.1
26.4
27.9
31
31) Central African Republic
61.3
70.3
61.9
58.8
56.6
62.3
67.2
32) Chad
78.9
76.1
74.1
73.8
70.9
72.2
69.3
33) Chile
5.83
6.63
7.42
7.49
7.82
7.77
6.67
34) China
27.2
23.6
25.5
26.4
25.9
24.5
23.9
35) Colombia
21.1
21.4
21.7
20.9
19.8
20.1
19.7
36) Comoros
62.3
64.3
57
59.9
61.3
50.8
55.6
37) Congo
83.6
71.7
63.2
62.8
61.6
52
65.9
38) Costa Rica
36.2
35.2
35.7
38.4
40.6
44.4
40.9
39) Croatia
25.4
27.1
24.1
26.4
25.1
29.6
29.2
40) Czech Republic
26.2
28.5
28.6
28.4
27.2
35.2
34.8
41) DR Congo
40.3
31.9
30.9
33
29.1
28.3
27.7
42) Denmark
8.28
7.83
6.62
8.39
15.6
12.1
8.34
43) Djibouti
16.2
14.8
16.6
18.3
17.8
20.2
22
44) Dominica
13.7
14
14.7
16.4
16.8
16.8
17.8
45) Dominican Republic
36.1
32.7
32.6
31.2
28.9
28.6
30.2
46) Ecuador
15.7
14.2
11.2
10.8
12.7
16.1
13.8
47) Egypt
36.8
34.2
34.2
25
23
29.3
28.7
48) El Salvador
25.4
25.3
25
24
22.7
24.5
24.6
49) Equatorial Guinea
56.5
67.3
60.1
65
85
69.2
93.6
50) Eritrea
34.8
37
37.4
35.8
37
43
51) Estonia
26.2
27.9
17.6
52) Ethiopia
47.2
53) Fiji
16.1
24.3
28.6
30.7
32.3
29.1
27.5
54) Gabon
62.6
58.2
53.2
53.5
50.8
41.5
42.2
55) Gambia
30
28.6
26.8
27
26.9
30.1
30.9
56) Georgia
37.1
39.4
33.6
40.9
41.2
40.6
40.2
57) Ghana
30.8
34.4
35
34.2
37.2
41.7
44.1
58) Grenada
14.8
13.6
13
15
15.6
18.5
18.1
59) Guatemala
29.6
30.2
29
29.5
28.6
28.8
27.8
60) Guinea Bissau
69.8
66.6
64.1
59.9
59.6
54.6
67.3
61) Guinea
52.4
77.4
67.4
61.1
62) Guyana
24.3
27.3
30.1
28.4
29
27.8
29.4
63) Haiti
54.6
53.7
61.2
58.9
60
53.6
56.1
64) Honduras
31.6
33.9
41.4
40
37.2
38.1
39.1
65) Hong Kong
9.9
18.8
18
16.9
17.8
16.8
16.5
66) Hungary
22.3
18.5
19.4
22.6
22.1
22.2
52.1
67) Iceland
7.54
9.81
8.95
5.72
7.68
7.58
13.6
68) India
20.8
20.2
20.9
20.2
19.1
18.4
18.2
69) Indonesia
22.5
23.3
21.3
22.8
22.8
23.9
23.8
70) Iran
26.4
23.2
24.6
20.9
71) Iraq
116.1
96.8
88.8
81.1
84.3
82
71.5
72) Israel
19.1
18.5
20.6
20.3
18.5
18.3
19.7
73) Ivory Coast
43.5
46.1
46.6
48.6
42.6
42
41
74) Jamaica
20.4
23.3
21.4
22.3
20.8
23.4
41.4
75) Japan
9.66
9.9
10
11.1
12.1
17
22.5
76) Jordan
26.7
21.5
21.2
22.6
23.5
22.5
24.4
77) Kazakhstan
24.3
32.7
30.3
29.1
27.5
24.4
26.6
78) Kenya
18.2
17.4
17.4
16.8
17.2
16.3
16.5
79) Kuwait
6.06
12
14.8
17.6
19.6
21.1
21.7
80) Kyrgyzstan
76.4
73.1
71.5
71.2
69.7
66.4
50.8
81) Laos
41.3
41.2
44
82) Latvia
34.6
27.7
41.1
36.3
43.5
51.8
48.9
83) Lebanon
37.4
42.7
43.6
49.3
51
50.6
57
84) Lesotho
14.7
17.7
15.9
15.7
16.8
17.4
19
85) Liberia
49.8
42.3
44.4
50.1
51.7
40.3
86) Libya
101
102.8
118.1
112.3
109.2
121.7
113.4
87) Lithuania
28.8
23.5
26.5
34.4
30.2
30.2
36.1
88) Macedonia
24.2
24.8
22.9
22.9
22.8
20.9
23.8
89) Madagascar
45.2
42.1
44.2
47.6
48.8
44
44.9
90) Malawi
25.8
29
24.8
23.3
29.3
30.1
34.4
91) Malaysia
7.44
5.53
5.75
7.89
7.97
8.16
8.22
92) Maldives
44.4
44.3
38.2
39.6
40.9
40.7
46
93) Mali
49.3
47.4
42.4
43.3
42.8
40.9
36.1
94) Mauritania
45.9
45.8
41.5
47.7
51.5
95) Mauritius
11.2
12.8
15
15.1
15.2
17.1
17.1
96) Mexico
17.7
17.4
16.9
17
17.1
17.1
17.7
97) Moldova
46.7
39.6
37.9
41.8
41.4
41.5
42
98) Mongolia
27.9
31.7
24.8
25.9
28.5
35.3
33
99) Montenegro
16.4
16.4
18.4
13.5
14.3
18.4
21.8
100) Montserrat
16
17.7
20.9
28.9
31.4
42.6
37.8
101) Morocco
25.7
23.4
21.7
21.4
20.7
20.9
19.7
102) Mozambique
23.8
22.8
23.7
23.9
22.1
22
21.7
103) Myanmar
73.6
70.9
60.8
54.5
52
46.7
104) Namibia
8.04
5.35
6.29
9.54
8.13
7.17
9.02
105) Nepal
25.8
24
23.3
26.2
24.3
26.4
23.9
106) New Zealand
7.64
7.79
6.57
107) Nicaragua
45.3
52.2
53.6
50.6
43.2
42
42.5
108) Niger
50.8
55.1
59.1
57.3
58.2
55.7
59
109) Nigeria
17
15.5
16.6
22
24.1
30
32.6
110) Oman
27.4
17.8
25.5
18.5
22.9
22.4
24.9
111) Pakistan
31.3
31.1
31.5
30.2
30.1
29.4
27.2
112) Panama
5.18
5.78
4.87
4.66
4.28
4.59
3.88
113) Papua New Guinea
16.7
15.3
15.5
21.3
22.6
21.3
28.2
114) Paraguay
36.8
39.7
34.5
35.4
34.8
30.5
31.2
115) Peru
43.3
38.3
54.7
44.5
49.1
44.6
43.5
116) Philippines
21
21
20.3
22.7
23.7
23.9
25.7
117) Poland
20.1
19.3
18.1
15.8
18.6
17
18.2
118) Qatar
12.8
21.3
34.7
10.1
12
9.66
10.8
119) Romania
29
27.2
27.2
28.5
25.8
28.4
26.1
120) Russia
34.3
33.9
34.4
30.1
30.6
28.2
26.3
121) Saint Lucia
13.4
13.7
14.7
14.8
16.4
14.7
18.5
122) Samoa
20.2
29.2
31.1
22.7
23.9
27.4
27.9
123) Sao Tome and Principe
47.3
53.5
39.4
35.4
38.4
42.9
45.3
124) Saudi Arabia
15.7
15.9
16.5
17.7
18.7
17.4
17.4
125) Senegal
37.2
39.1
39.2
35
29.7
34
32.5
126) Seychelles
18.9
20.2
24
22.4
24.5
22.4
20.3
127) Sierra Leone
34.7
31.3
33.9
29.5
29.5
31.2
33.4
128) Singapore
10.2
9.79
10.1
10.2
10.2
12.9
10.8
129) Slovakia
47.4
22.7
22.2
23
22
23
24.2
130) Solomon Islands
28.1
39.2
60.9
63.6
67.1
59.1
50.3
131) South Africa
6.25
6.38
6.52
6.94
7.34
7.6
7.61
132) South Korea
4.55
4.33
4.49
4.57
4.81
5.43
5.62
133) South Sudan
97
77.8
77.9
95.1
134) Sri Lanka
17.7
16.9
17.4
17.7
16.6
14.3
14.9
135) St Kitts Nevis
12.9
15.5
17.7
22.2
19
20
19.8
136) St Vincent Grenadines
18.6
15.4
22.9
19.2
20.9
24.6
26.6
137) Sudan
47.3
49
46.2
49.9
51.8
54.9
54.5
138) Suriname
25.7
29.4
30.2
26.8
29.8
26.7
23.1
139) Swaziland
15.5
16.9
14.1
20.3
18.6
17
16.2
140) Sweden
15
13.2
5
4.97
5.03
4.25
3.74
141) Switzerland
11.1
11.3
10.1
24
30.9
33.1
32.7
142) Syria
46.1
48.4
45.6
46.3
143) Tajikistan
69.7
68.8
67.1
64.5
63.9
63.1
66.8
144) Tanzania
30.5
34.3
31.8
31.6
30.9
31.2
31.7
145) Thailand
10.1
10.1
10.2
9.76
9.71
9.55
9.62
146) Togo
35.5
33.7
38.1
39.7
29.4
28
23.3
147) Tonga
26.7
35.1
38
51.4
55.4
55.7
58.9
148) Trinidad and Tobago
24.8
29.2
32.7
37.6
36.4
38.6
36.3
149) Tunisia
19.6
20.7
17
16.8
16.8
17.1
19.3
150) Turkey
18.4
16.5
17.1
20.6
24.2
27.7
28.1
151) Uganda
33.3
32.1
30.7
31.3
32.8
30.3
33.9
152) Ukraine
36.2
40
37.7
35
33
33.8
34.8
153) United Arab Emirates
25
25
26.2
25.7
27.6
26.6
27.1
154) United Kingdom
3.78
7.79
7.35
8.83
13.1
13.9
14.5
155) United States
13.6
14.9
15.5
19.8
18.9
25
25.4
156) Uruguay
14.2
15.6
14.8
14.7
17
16.1
13.7
157) Vanuatu
15.5
15.7
19.7
20.7
22.8
28.5
28.9
158) Venezuela
39.1
39.4
39.3
39.5
36.8
38.8
159) Vietnam
25
22.1
17.7
18.8
19
16.6
16.4
160) Yemen
43.3
42.6
41
46.3
43.3
38.7
161) Zambia
35.9
34.2
39.9
25.4
32.6
32.7
38
162) Zimbabwe
43.2
CSV