Central Bank Survey, Ratio of Monetary Base to Broad Money, Percent

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Source: International Monetary Fund (IMF): International Financial Statistics (IFS)    # of Reporting Countries: 180
Frequency: Annual    Earliest: 1948-12     Latest: 2014-12

2009-12 2010-12 2011-12 2012-12 2013-12 2014-12
1) Afghanistan
58
62
64.3
61.2
64.3
67.4
2) Albania
32.7
28.9
27.1
26.5
26.8
27.9
3) Algeria
33
34.7
35.3
38.4
39.6
38.3
4) Angola
30.5
30.9
27.5
26.5
26.5
5) Anguilla
9.82
9.42
8.78
9.67
9.62
10.6
6) Antigua and Barbuda
13
14.4
16.8
17.4
20
26.9
7) Argentina
47.5
47.4
46.7
48.8
49.4
45.4
8) Armenia
62.8
57
59.6
52.6
59.1
53
9) Aruba
28.3
31.3
25.3
31.5
29.8
29.6
10) Australia
4.34
4.06
3.95
3.89
3.9
3.86
11) Bahamas
11.7
13.6
14.1
14.5
13.9
15.7
12) Bahrain
20.2
21.9
19
22
20.1
22.1
13) Bangladesh
18.1
18.2
18
18
16.4
16.3
14) Barbados
11.1
15) Belarus
17.9
20.3
16.9
18.8
17.8
16.3
16) Belize
20.5
19.9
21.6
23.2
26.6
30.6
17) Benin
42.5
39.8
37.2
35.1
35.4
38.4
18) Bhutan
50.1
52.4
39
33.4
36.9
46.4
19) Bolivia
43.3
43.6
47
46.3
43.3
40.4
20) Bosnia Herzegovina
44.4
43.3
40.6
38.9
39.8
40.5
21) Botswana
53.6
54.3
35.8
31
24.2
21.1
22) Brazil
10.2
20.5
19.2
14.3
14.8
12.5
23) Brunei
13.5
13.9
19.3
20.7
21
20.6
24) Bulgaria
29.8
28.9
27.9
30.3
28.1
29.5
25) Burkina Faso
37.4
28.5
24.6
22.3
19.2
19.9
26) Burundi
35.7
31.2
29.7
29.9
33
34.4
27) Cambodia
54.2
52.5
54.4
46.1
44.9
42.9
28) Cameroon
55.7
55.5
48.9
53.2
44.1
42.3
29) Cape Verde
25.5
23.3
21.1
26.4
27.9
31
30) Central African Republic
70.3
61.9
58.8
56.6
62.3
67.2
31) Chad
76.1
74.1
73.8
70.9
72.2
69.3
32) Chile
6.63
7.42
7.49
7.82
7.77
6.67
33) China
23.6
25.5
26.4
25.9
24.5
23.9
34) Colombia
21.4
21.7
20.9
19.8
20.1
19.7
35) Comoros
64.3
57
59.9
61.3
50.8
55.6
36) Congo
71.7
63.2
62.8
61.6
52
65.9
37) Costa Rica
35.2
35.7
38.4
40.6
44.4
40.9
38) Croatia
27.1
24.1
26.4
25.1
29.6
29.2
39) Czech Republic
28.5
28.6
28.4
27.2
35.2
34.8
40) DR Congo
31.9
30.9
33
29.1
28.3
27.7
41) Denmark
7.83
6.62
8.39
15.6
12.1
8.34
42) Djibouti
14.8
16.6
18.3
17.8
20.2
22
43) Dominica
14
14.7
16.4
16.8
16.8
17.8
44) Dominican Republic
32.7
32.6
31.2
28.9
28.6
30.2
45) Ecuador
14.2
11.2
10.8
12.7
16.1
13.8
46) Egypt
34.2
34.2
25
23
29.3
28.7
47) El Salvador
25.3
25
24
22.7
24.5
24.6
48) Equatorial Guinea
67.3
60.1
65
85
69.2
93.6
49) Eritrea
37
37.4
35.8
37
43
50) Estonia
27.9
17.6
51) Fiji
24.3
28.6
30.7
32.3
29.1
27.5
52) Gabon
58.2
53.2
53.5
50.8
41.5
42.2
53) Gambia
28.6
26.8
27
26.9
30.1
30.9
54) Georgia
39.4
33.6
40.9
41.2
40.6
40.2
55) Ghana
34.4
35
34.2
37.2
41.7
44.1
56) Grenada
13.6
13
15
15.6
18.5
18.1
57) Guatemala
30.2
29
29.5
28.6
28.8
27.8
58) Guinea Bissau
66.6
64.1
59.9
59.6
54.6
67.3
59) Guinea
77.4
67.4
61.1
60) Guyana
27.3
30.1
28.4
29
27.8
29.4
61) Haiti
53.7
61.2
58.9
60
53.6
56.1
62) Honduras
33.9
41.4
40
37.2
38.1
39.1
63) Hong Kong
18.8
18
16.9
17.8
16.8
16.5
64) Hungary
18.5
19.4
22.6
22.1
22.2
52.1
65) Iceland
9.81
8.95
5.72
7.68
7.58
13.6
66) India
20.2
20.9
20.2
19.1
18.4
18.2
67) Indonesia
23.3
21.3
22.8
22.8
23.9
23.8
68) Iran
23.2
24.6
20.9
69) Iraq
96.8
88.8
81.1
84.3
82
71.5
70) Israel
18.5
20.6
20.3
18.5
18.3
19.7
71) Ivory Coast
46.1
46.6
48.6
42.6
42
41
72) Jamaica
23.3
21.4
22.3
20.8
23.4
41.4
73) Japan
9.9
10
11.1
12.1
17
22.5
74) Jordan
21.5
21.2
22.6
23.5
22.5
24.4
75) Kazakhstan
32.7
30.3
29.1
27.5
24.4
26.6
76) Kenya
17.4
17.4
16.8
17.2
16.3
16.5
77) Kuwait
12
14.8
17.6
19.6
21.1
21.7
78) Kyrgyzstan
73.1
71.5
71.2
69.7
66.4
50.8
79) Laos
41.2
44
80) Latvia
27.7
41.1
36.3
43.5
51.8
48.9
81) Lebanon
42.7
43.6
49.3
51
50.6
57
82) Lesotho
17.7
15.9
15.7
16.8
17.4
19
83) Liberia
42.3
44.4
50.1
51.7
40.3
84) Libya
102.8
118.1
112.3
109.2
121.7
113.4
85) Lithuania
23.5
26.5
34.4
30.2
30.2
36.1
86) Macedonia
24.8
22.9
22.9
22.8
20.9
23.8
87) Madagascar
42.1
44.2
47.6
48.8
44
44.9
88) Malawi
29
24.8
23.3
29.3
30.1
34.4
89) Malaysia
5.53
5.75
7.89
7.97
8.16
8.22
90) Maldives
44.3
38.2
39.6
40.9
40.7
46
91) Mali
47.4
42.4
43.3
42.8
40.9
36.1
92) Mauritania
45.8
41.5
47.7
51.5
93) Mauritius
12.8
15
15.1
15.2
17.1
17.1
94) Mexico
17.4
16.9
17
17.1
17.1
17.7
95) Moldova
39.6
37.9
41.8
41.4
41.5
42
96) Mongolia
31.7
24.8
25.9
28.5
35.3
33
97) Montenegro
16.4
18.4
13.5
14.3
18.4
21.8
98) Montserrat
17.7
20.9
28.9
31.4
42.6
37.8
99) Morocco
23.4
21.7
21.4
20.7
20.9
19.7
100) Mozambique
22.8
23.7
23.9
22.1
22
21.7
101) Myanmar
70.9
60.8
54.5
52
46.7
102) Namibia
5.35
6.29
9.54
8.13
7.17
9.02
103) Nepal
24
23.3
26.2
24.3
26.4
23.9
104) New Zealand
7.79
6.57
105) Nicaragua
52.2
53.6
50.6
43.2
42
42.5
106) Niger
55.1
59.1
57.3
58.2
55.7
59
107) Nigeria
15.5
16.6
22
24.1
30
32.6
108) Oman
17.8
25.5
18.5
22.9
22.4
24.9
109) Pakistan
31.1
31.5
30.2
30.1
29.4
27.2
110) Panama
5.78
4.87
4.66
4.28
4.59
3.88
111) Papua New Guinea
15.3
15.5
21.3
22.6
21.3
28.2
112) Paraguay
39.7
34.5
35.4
34.8
30.5
31.2
113) Peru
38.3
54.7
44.5
49.1
44.6
43.5
114) Philippines
21
20.3
22.7
23.7
23.9
25.7
115) Poland
19.3
18.1
15.8
18.6
17
18.2
116) Qatar
21.3
34.7
10.1
12
9.66
10.8
117) Romania
27.2
27.2
28.5
25.8
28.4
26.1
118) Russia
33.9
34.4
30.1
30.6
28.2
26.3
119) Saint Lucia
13.7
14.7
14.8
16.4
14.7
18.5
120) Samoa
29.2
31.1
22.7
23.9
27.4
27.9
121) Sao Tome and Principe
53.5
39.4
35.4
38.4
42.9
45.3
122) Saudi Arabia
15.9
16.5
17.7
18.7
17.4
17.4
123) Senegal
39.1
39.2
35
29.7
34
32.5
124) Seychelles
20.2
24
22.4
24.5
22.4
20.3
125) Sierra Leone
31.3
33.9
29.5
29.5
31.2
33.4
126) Singapore
9.79
10.1
10.2
10.2
12.9
10.8
127) Slovakia
22.7
22.2
23
22
23
24.2
128) Solomon Islands
39.2
60.9
63.6
67.1
59.1
50.3
129) South Africa
6.38
6.52
6.94
7.34
7.6
7.61
130) South Korea
4.33
4.49
4.57
4.81
5.43
5.62
131) South Sudan
97
77.8
77.9
95.1
132) Sri Lanka
16.9
17.4
17.7
16.6
14.3
14.9
133) St Kitts Nevis
15.5
17.7
22.2
19
20
19.8
134) St Vincent Grenadines
15.4
22.9
19.2
20.9
24.6
26.6
135) Sudan
49
46.2
49.9
51.8
54.9
54.5
136) Suriname
29.4
30.2
26.8
29.8
26.7
23.1
137) Swaziland
16.9
14.1
20.3
18.6
17
16.2
138) Sweden
13.2
5
4.97
5.03
4.25
3.74
139) Switzerland
11.3
10.1
24
30.9
33.1
32.7
140) Syria
48.4
45.6
46.3
141) Tajikistan
68.8
67.1
64.5
63.9
63.1
66.8
142) Tanzania
34.3
31.8
31.6
30.9
31.2
31.7
143) Thailand
10.1
10.2
9.76
9.71
9.55
9.62
144) Togo
33.7
38.1
39.7
29.4
28
23.3
145) Tonga
35.1
38
51.4
55.4
55.7
58.9
146) Trinidad and Tobago
29.2
32.7
37.6
36.4
38.6
36.3
147) Tunisia
20.7
17
16.8
16.8
17.1
19.3
148) Turkey
16.5
17.1
20.6
24.2
27.7
28.1
149) Uganda
32.1
30.7
31.3
32.8
30.3
33.9
150) Ukraine
40
37.7
35
33
33.8
34.8
151) United Arab Emirates
25
26.2
25.7
27.6
26.6
27.1
152) United Kingdom
7.79
7.35
8.83
13.1
13.9
14.5
153) United States
14.9
15.5
19.8
18.9
25
25.4
154) Uruguay
15.6
14.8
14.7
17
16.1
13.7
155) Vanuatu
15.7
19.7
20.7
22.8
28.5
28.9
156) Venezuela
39.4
39.3
39.5
36.8
38.8
157) Vietnam
22.1
17.7
18.8
19
16.6
16.4
158) Yemen
42.6
41
46.3
43.3
38.7
159) Zambia
34.2
39.9
25.4
32.6
32.7
38
CSV