Gross capital formation (annual % growth)

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Annual growth rate of gross capital formation based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Gross capital formation (formerly gross domestic investment) consists of outlays on additions to the fixed assets of the economy plus net changes in the level of inventories. Fixed assets include land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. Inventories are stocks of goods held by firms to meet temporary or unexpected fluctuations in production or sales, and "work in progress." According to the 1993 SNA, net acquisitions of valuables are also considered capital formation.
Source: The World Bank: World Development Indicators    # of Reporting Countries: 207
Frequency: Annual    Earliest: 1961-12     Latest: 2016-12

2010-12 2011-12 2012-12 2013-12 2014-12 2015-12 2016-12
1) Albania
-8.46
5.94
-7.86
-1.97
-4.54
4.03
5.98
2) Algeria
2.88
-7.79
14.2
10.4
9.53
8.68
4.25
3) Antigua and Barbuda
9.3
7.62
5.64
3
4) Arab World
2.89
3.69
3.66
2.57
5.24
7.2
-0.75
5) Argentina
32.5
16
-11.1
4.66
-6.22
3.66
-2.65
6) Armenia
0.5
-5.19
0.5
-9.09
-3
-1.19
-8.7
7) Australia
3.33
5.53
10.8
1.72
-2.14
-2.89
-4.18
8) Austria
0.34
9.14
-0.28
-0.14
0.36
0.55
3
9) Azerbaijan
4.31
11.2
2.19
19.4
1.47
10) Bahamas
0.62
7.4
9.33
-11.7
13.1
-19.7
1.97
11) Bahrain
18.9
-11.5
8.65
16
6.22
-12.1
12) Bangladesh
8.56
9.56
10.5
5.36
9.85
7.11
8.9
13) Barbados
-15.1
-0.03
-2.6
4.41
14) Belarus
18.3
7.8
-6.55
9.3
-5
-18.2
-13.2
15) Belgium
1.83
7.27
-2.5
-3.08
7.34
3.44
4.76
16) Belize
-36.3
38.8
-4.98
20.7
22.9
12.6
17) Benin
8.33
3.65
5.86
39.8
10.5
-3.78
10.7
18) Bhutan
46
11.8
3.52
-35.6
24.4
16.4
11.9
19) Bolivia
7.14
25.8
-6.6
16
12.5
0.82
9.86
20) Bosnia Herzegovina
-15.5
14
3.99
-2.98
8.16
2.92
10.8
21) Botswana
26.3
-0.02
9.86
-10
-1.91
23.2
-20.4
22) Brazil
17.8
6.83
0.78
5.82
-4.22
-13.9
-10.1
23) Brunei
-3.53
36.9
28.8
11.9
-31.1
6.55
-11.1
24) Bulgaria
-17.6
-3.25
2.5
-3.28
4.39
2.02
-4.62
25) Burkina Faso
4.14
19.3
24.8
7.91
-15
9.19
26) Burundi
6.47
-29.8
8.51
18.8
10.4
-41.6
1.99
27) Cambodia
-7.91
9.77
16.3
14.1
8.75
9.9
9.95
28) Cameroon
2.7
12.1
2.72
6.81
12
-0.29
7.36
29) Canada
12.3
7.97
3.53
3.43
-0.48
-5.59
-4.11
30) Cape Verde
9.99
2.19
-21
-12.9
31) Caribbean small states
-2.78
17.3
10.7
4.37
6.6
-20.9
32) Central African Republic
12.1
-12.5
28.9
-64.9
18.7
44.7
1.18
33) Central Europe and the Baltics
3.67
6.43
-5
-2.54
8.01
6.49
-1.78
34) Chad
29.4
-17.3
20.4
1.02
12.1
-28.7
-23.4
35) Chile
28.79
14.77
12.4
-1.31
-10
0.46
-4.73
36) China
16.5
9.83
7.58
9.57
7.51
6.28
6.21
37) Colombia
7.7
18.4
4.7
6.14
11.6
1.21
-4.52
38) Comoros
21.3
5.67
6.36
6.36
-8.1
39) Congo
2.22
36.5
4
16.5
22
-1.99
32.8
40) Costa Rica
33.36
13
7.71
0.67
-2.01
41) Croatia
-14.3
-1.46
-6.3
-0.21
-3.37
7.95
3.87
42) Cuba
-0.71
8.53
7.15
4.02
-4.86
18.2
43) Cyprus
5.13
-18.1
-14.9
-25.5
-3.17
12.4
17.1
44) Czech Republic
4.23
1.78
-3.94
-5.09
8.56
12.9
-2.27
45) DR Congo
5.4
6.39
6.32
7.84
-3.44
-8.52
-23.6
46) Denmark
-0.59
5.45
2.29
3.39
4.28
0.95
5.99
47) Dominican Republic
19.7
-6.28
-0.07
0.64
16.5
22.8
10.2
48) East Asia & Pacific (all income levels)
11.02
5.66
6.31
49) East Asia & Pacific (developing only)
12.79
8.91
8.05
50) Ecuador
10.4
11.5
4.19
9.47
3.36
-9.19
-10.3
51) Egypt
7.77
-1.53
4.72
-8.42
1.7
8.6
11.2
52) El Salvador
2.38
13.7
-1.42
9.25
-6.41
8.08
-0.13
53) Equatorial Guinea
1.14
4.28
36.3
-31.9
-9.6
-58.3
-56.2
54) Eritrea
7.45
14.5
55) Estonia
6.62
28.1
20.6
-3.41
4.86
-7.32
1.59
56) Ethiopia
46.5
9.44
24.3
26.2
10.5
57) Euro area
4.09
3.44
-7.45
-1.69
3.35
3.54
3.67
58) Europe & Central Asia (all income levels)
7.31
5.38
-5.01
59) Europe & Central Asia (developing only)
20.56
11.91
-3.81
60) European Union
5.29
3.64
-5.46
-0.12
4.89
3.93
2.95
61) Finland
7.37
11.1
-6.37
-4.85
-1.77
1.52
6.02
62) France
3.36
6.98
-2.5
0.25
3.23
2.4
1.94
63) Gabon
29.3
16.5
21.8
1.94
13.4
-9.26
4.2
64) Gambia
15.7
-14.9
54.9
-24.5
5.24
-1.59
-2.8
65) Georgia
76.08
29.87
17.5
-11.6
25.8
19.2
8.1
66) Germany
12.9
9.29
-8.24
1.49
2.11
0.23
2.14
67) Ghana
24.8
3.36
47.6
7.27
3.29
4.3
68) Greece
-10.7
-21.8
-24
-9.91
6.65
-9.03
7.41
69) Greenland
74.6
23.7
-40.1
-21.1
-23.9
11.6
70) Guatemala
7.34
16.2
1.98
-1
5.21
9.07
2.77
71) Guinea Bissau
13.2
-2.44
29.9
-12
15.5
-27.7
17.4
72) Guinea
31.66
5.61
3.06
2.76
0.79
0.47
73) Haiti
-6.52
9.57
6.15
6.09
2.03
3.64
1.06
74) Heavily indebted poor countries (HIPC)
10.9
6.31
9.96
9.54
5.75
2.05
5.25
75) High income: OECD
7.54
3.46
0.99
76) High income: nonOECD
16.09
10.92
3.8
77) High income
7.09
3.78
1.12
1.96
3.93
3.25
0.34
78) Honduras
12
24.1
-2.7
-11.4
9.37
23.5
-5.27
79) Hong Kong
11.1
2.3
3.26
6.11
1.52
-7.51
4.82
80) Hungary
4.62
-3.47
-6.85
5.82
12.4
-3.81
-3.69
81) Iceland
-8.55
11.6
5.27
2.08
16.2
17.7
22.6
82) India
14
3.94
4.29
-3.7
8.26
5.64
1.73
83) Indonesia
-6.06
7.87
10.9
2.84
5.65
3
5.19
84) Iran
9.7
-4.32
-9.6
-5.58
5.03
-13.9
15.6
85) Ireland
-13.1
4.47
16.7
-5.72
26.8
23.9
59.1
86) Israel
9.57
15.1
6.34
0.25
4.16
2.39
8.08
87) Italy
5.46
-1.01
-14.9
-5.63
1.01
2.19
0.25
88) Ivory Coast
63.6
-65.8
218.7
23.2
21.6
18.2
20.5
89) Jamaica
-2.03
8.97
-5.75
5.35
3.85
-6.44
0.43
90) Japan
2.93
2.6
3.72
3.19
3.27
2.59
-0.32
91) Jordan
-13.34
2.31
9.87
6.75
1.88
-9.57
92) Kazakhstan
1.99
5.4
12.7
6.69
8.6
5.5
93) Kenya
10.9
7
9.4
-0.31
10.8
5.14
-10.9
94) Kosovo
10.8
7.87
-12.7
-0.35
-5.15
11.3
9.14
95) Kuwait
-2.34
5.12
8.93
4.55
15.4
1.95
96) Kyrgyzstan
-5.16
6.33
42.4
5.07
15.6
-2.3
0.42
97) Laos
-12.84
17.51
28.97
1.67
4.2
11.1
-4.88
98) Latin America & Caribbean (all income levels)
13.14
9.73
3.57
99) Latin America & Caribbean (developing only)
11.76
7.92
3.12
100) Latvia
-19.7
49.7
-0.92
-4.59
-8.6
2.1
-0.42
101) Least developed countries: UN classification
9.73
6.92
4.18
8.7
6.59
2.63
5.29
102) Lebanon
5.03
-1.07
-2.24
16.7
-6.55
-4.28
14.9
103) Lesotho
11.1
-7.73
42
-5.5
13.2
1.45
0.51
104) Liberia
14.6
26.9
25.3
12.8
0.26
-2.83
-2.05
105) Lithuania
38.5
17.7
-11.4
-0.01
4.23
24.8
-4.37
106) Low & middle income
14.3
8.82
5.53
5.17
4.32
2.92
3.96
107) Low income
15.3
7.98
3.09
14.1
6.88
-0.8
2.77
108) Lower middle income
8.73
4.14
5.59
-0.01
6.28
5.44
5.47
109) Luxembourg
20
13.5
0.91
2.39
5.96
-2.76
-0.03
110) Macau
-11.9
23.5
16.9
6.76
36.3
3.03
-13.3
111) Macedonia
-3.8
17.9
10.1
0.49
10.6
3.61
-4.25
112) Madagascar
-12.2
1.25
5.81
-2.72
1.19
3.02
12.3
113) Malawi
2.13
-41.6
14.2
13.4
3.59
2.13
8.91
114) Malaysia
23.8
4.52
18.2
4.85
2.6
6.4
4.17
115) Mali
19.3
2.6
-10.4
4.1
10.5
5.75
6.56
116) Malta
22
-17.4
-7.07
11.1
0.02
42.3
1.71
117) Marshall Islands
18.4
-51.6
-49
146.3
-22.7
-0.32
118) Mauritania
25.1
22.1
31.4
-0.78
-14.8
-1.02
119) Mauritius
0.29
11.6
0.64
18.6
1.86
18.8
13.1
120) Mexico
4.52
5.41
5.86
-2.01
3.3
3.1
-0.27
121) Middle East & North Africa (all income levels)
4.22
4.01
1.66
122) Middle East & North Africa (developing only)
7.72
-0.85
-3.63
123) Middle income
14.3
8.83
5.55
5.1
4.3
2.95
3.97
124) Moldova
18
13.1
-2.79
12.1
6.79
-12.4
7.3
125) Mongolia
36.38
62.7
17.4
1.35
-30
-26.4
15.7
126) Montenegro
-11.5
-7.53
2.09
1.16
1.95
7.3
22.5
127) Morocco
-1.74
10.2
-0.93
5
-2.19
0.87
11.6
128) Mozambique
12.9
37.3
113.4
47.8
18.7
-8.7
9.93
129) Namibia
4.01
-4.53
39.7
4.25
42.1
8.5
-24.8
130) Nepal
34.4
0.26
-21.6
23.4
22.8
9.4
10.3
131) Netherlands
-1.59
3.46
-6.19
-3.91
3.2
11.2
3.09
132) New Zealand
7.32
8.02
3.3
8.09
6.9
1.07
4.18
133) Nicaragua
10.7
29.1
5.64
3.47
-0.44
22.2
4.88
134) Niger
20
-1.79
3.9
5.79
11.2
7.11
-14
135) Nigeria
18.3
-7.91
3.35
7.81
12.9
-1.53
136) North America
9.88
3.49
6.49
3.89
3.72
3.4
-1.67
137) Norway
3.04
4.82
4.67
6.65
0.18
-5.92
4.96
138) OECD members
7.12
4.09
0.96
2.17
3.89
3.3
0.62
139) Oman
3.65
5.39
35.3
8.15
-17.1
32.9
140) Other small states
0.81
11.4
6.5
0.36
6.44
-0.18
141) Pakistan
-6.53
-6.69
2.54
2.77
2.75
14.5
6.55
142) Palau
14.8
15.5
-1.01
-11.3
51.7
-10.8
23
143) Panama
30.4
29.4
13
11.4
7.29
-1.78
3.74
144) Paraguay
22.7
10.7
-13.5
20.2
11
1.21
6.43
145) Peru
35.8
12.2
9.49
8.5
-1.17
-0.78
-7.14
146) Philippines
31.6
2.8
-4.28
27.9
4.21
18.3
23.7
147) Poland
9.4
12.7
-3.86
-5.77
12.8
4.93
-1.94
148) Portugal
3.39
-14
-18.1
-5.13
5.08
6.38
0.9
149) Puerto Rico
-7.77
12.8
4.36
-5.47
150) Qatar
-8.58
21.8
-1.9
6.36
11.2
1.27
151) Romania
-1.54
1.96
-4.76
0.46
1.72
7
0.08
152) Russia
28.5
29.3
4.43
-5.55
-6.06
-13.3
1.53
153) Rwanda
7.24
10.8
21
8.16
5.49
17.7
8.53
154) Saudi Arabia
12
9.21
3.05
1.1
6.39
8.38
-9.93
155) Senegal
-5.33
5.96
17.4
16.9
-0.57
15.5
14.6
156) Serbia
-6.61
14.2
2.87
-7.15
-0.43
7.67
6.86
157) Sierra Leone
231.4
42.1
-20.6
-20.7
-5.05
-14.8
8.27
158) Singapore
24.3
3.19
13.6
4.62
-3.57
-2.97
-3.3
159) Slovakia
18.8
7.61
-13.7
1.8
7.89
14.1
-3.49
160) Slovenia
-5.85
-2.15
-17.4
4.3
3.84
0.17
-0.07
161) Small states
0.51
11.8
6.79
0.75
6.47
-2.06
162) South Africa
1.12
8.23
3.04
6.88
-0.91
2.88
-7.48
163) South Asia
13.2
4.12
4.75
-3.13
8.37
5.92
2.8
164) South Korea
17.8
3.47
-2.29
-0.12
5.26
7.29
5.28
165) South Sudan
5.07
7.16
-53
17.5
-2.9
-0.02
166) Spain
-3.76
-7.21
-9.54
-4.62
5.78
8.67
3.05
167) Sri Lanka
20.3
20.2
21.6
-8.83
11.5
1.22
18.1
168) Sub-Saharan Africa (all income levels)
7.93
7.85
7.16
169) Sub-Saharan Africa (developing only)
7.93
7.82
7.64
170) Sudan
-0.78
-5.66
-22.1
4.6
-2.16
6.47
3.41
171) Suriname
12
6.02
12
22
172) Swaziland
0.02
-6.69
3.21
0.04
1.82
-0.98
13.1
173) Sweden
16.4
7.68
-4.98
1.55
6.12
8.68
5.54
174) Switzerland
-5.36
11.9
-9.69
-9.76
5.8
4.43
-2.87
175) Tajikistan
5.9
5.57
5.27
5.01
176) Tanzania
22.5
29.7
-5.93
9.43
5.24
-2.87
-4.31
177) Thailand
30.96
2.77
11.69
2.17
-11.43
178) Timor Leste
1.5
69.2
-9.98
-21.5
5.67
-4.61
179) Togo
22.4
5.94
23.2
6.05
10.3
-3.46
25.6
180) Trinidad and Tobago
-2.45
30.4
25.1
10.8
4.62
-31.4
181) Tunisia
10.2
-9.18
9.08
5.89
182) Turkey
24.7
16.3
-4.24
16.7
3.61
6.23
3.68
183) Uganda
9.03
12.9
2.95
9.94
2.44
-0.49
8.55
184) Ukraine
14.3
12.8
-4.47
-12.3
-34.5
11.9
40.7
185) United Arab Emirates
-9.29
-0.26
-1.99
-5.16
10.7
4.15
2.04
186) United Kingdom
14
2.48
6.21
10.3
10.9
4.07
0.78
187) United States
9.54
2.87
6.92
3.95
4.3
4.59
-1.38
188) Upper middle income
15.8
10
5.53
6.37
3.84
2.36
3.62
189) Uruguay
15.1
9.86
14.4
4.77
0.01
-9.04
0.74
190) Uzbekistan
9.19
7.9
11.6
9.8
10.6
9.6
9.5
191) Vanuatu
-5.17
-15.1
-16.5
16.9
9.53
192) Venezuela
1.04
15.1
24
-13.9
-22.9
193) Vietnam
10.4
-6.83
2.37
5.44
8.9
9.03
9.71
194) West Bank and Gaza
-2.74
-2.13
19
4.17
-13.9
9.45
5.74
195) World
9.97
5.87
2.99
3.36
4.1
3.1
1.92
196) Zimbabwe
61.1
2.84
-53.7
68.8
12.7
5.65
0.64
CSV