Gross fixed capital formation (annual % growth)

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Average annual growth of gross fixed capital formation based on constant local currency. Aggregates are based on constant 2005 U.S. dollars. Gross fixed capital formation (formerly gross domestic fixed investment) includes land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. According to the 1993 SNA, net acquisitions of valuables are also considered capital formation.
Source: The World Bank: World Development Indicators    # of Reporting Countries: 203
Frequency: Annual    Earliest: 1961-12     Latest: 2016-12

2010-12 2011-12 2012-12 2013-12 2014-12 2015-12 2016-12
1) Albania
-8.46
5.94
-7.86
-1.97
-4.54
4.03
5.98
2) Algeria
6.95
2.86
7.18
8.6
6.36
5.9
33
3) Antigua and Barbuda
9.3
7.62
5.64
3
4) Arab World
3.82
5.49
3.94
2.79
5.56
4.24
4.15
5) Argentina
26.2
17.3
-7.07
2.33
-6.75
3.84
-5.08
6) Armenia
-2.89
-11.7
-1.89
-6.99
-2.19
2.5
-11.4
7) Australia
2.1
3.78
10.9
2.77
-1.4
-2.9
-3.94
8) Austria
-2.08
6.72
1.37
2.16
-0.87
0.72
3.38
9) Azerbaijan
4.34
11.9
2.19
19.4
1.38
10) Bahamas
0.59
6.07
12.3
-11.5
12.3
-20.7
3.37
11) Bahrain
14.6
-12.4
9.84
16.8
5.86
-12
12) Bangladesh
8.56
9.56
10.5
5.36
9.85
7.11
8.9
13) Barbados
-15.4
0.01
-2.64
4.59
14) Belarus
17.5
13.9
-11.2
9.59
-5.3
-15.4
-16.6
15) Belgium
-0.83
4.21
0.2
-1.48
5.96
2.67
3.6
16) Belize
-21.2
-0.5
9.37
17.2
15
14.3
17) Benin
9.6
2.63
0.39
45.4
13.5
-3.82
5.79
18) Bhutan
43.4
13.4
3.03
-35
27.4
12.8
10.2
19) Bolivia
7.46
23.7
2.52
11.7
9.9
4.99
3.41
20) Bosnia Herzegovina
0.89
1.05
1.02
0.99
1.11
0.97
1.02
21) Botswana
9.17
12.1
13.6
2.01
1.47
8.75
3.64
22) Brazil
17.8
6.83
0.78
5.82
-4.22
-13.9
-10.1
23) Brunei
-3.55
37.3
28.9
11.9
-31.3
6.53
-11.1
24) Bulgaria
-17.6
-4.42
1.8
0.28
3.42
2.66
-6.63
25) Burkina Faso
1.17
20.4
23.7
9.64
-15.3
10.5
26) Burundi
6.47
-29.8
8.51
18.8
10.4
-41.6
1.99
27) Cambodia
-9.84
10.7
17.3
15.2
9.05
10.5
10
28) Cameroon
3.87
11.7
2.72
5.55
12.9
2.53
6.47
29) Canada
11.5
4.63
4.88
1.28
0.87
-4.55
-3.09
30) Cape Verde
18.5
5.9
-23.8
-12.2
31) Caribbean small states
-2.4
15.8
12.2
4.48
5.95
-20.9
32) Central African Republic
12.1
-12.5
28.9
-64.9
18.7
44.7
1.18
33) Central Europe and the Baltics
-3.06
5.09
-1.96
-0.6
5.95
6.72
-5.74
34) Chad
29.7
-15.8
17
0.46
12.6
-29.8
-25.1
35) Chile
13.1
16.1
11.2
3.31
-4.83
-0.76
-0.82
36) China
13.8
9.39
9.54
9.82
7.25
6.89
6.59
37) Colombia
4.86
18.9
4.74
6.76
9.83
1.84
-3.61
38) Comoros
-16.2
6
7
7
-5
39) Congo
2.36
37
3.93
16.7
22.6
-1.69
32.8
40) Costa Rica
4.27
3.24
9.91
-0.33
3.28
8.83
-1.47
41) Croatia
-15.1
-2.66
-3.25
1.36
-2.76
3.81
5.14
42) Cuba
-2.99
4.88
6.01
6.27
-2.68
15.6
43) Cyprus
-2.63
-12.1
-20.4
-12.8
-17.5
13.5
35
44) Czech Republic
1.34
0.86
-3.09
-2.49
3.92
10.1
-2.29
45) DR Congo
7.07
6.38
6.3
7.7
-3.39
-9.42
-23.6
46) Denmark
-5.74
0.39
3.73
2.73
3.11
3.05
5.97
47) Dominican Republic
16.4
-2.71
-0.01
2.04
11.8
20.7
11
48) East Asia & Pacific (all income levels)
7.22
5.56
6.92
49) East Asia & Pacific (developing only)
11.48
8.59
9.33
50) Ecuador
10.1
14.3
10.5
10.4
2.26
-6.23
-8.1
51) Egypt
7.56
-2.21
-1.72
-8.72
1.47
13.8
12
52) El Salvador
2.38
13.7
-1.42
9.25
-6.41
8.08
-0.13
53) Equatorial Guinea
-15.1
9.74
31.4
-38.8
-9.61
-58.3
-56.4
54) Eritrea
7.45
14.5
55) Estonia
-2.65
34.3
12.7
1.48
-8.72
-2.91
-1.15
56) Ethiopia
46.5
9.44
24.3
26.2
10.5
57) Euro area
-0.3
1.5
-3.43
-2.49
1.87
3.32
4.52
58) Europe & Central Asia (all income levels)
1.4
3.13
-1.4
59) Europe & Central Asia (developing only)
13.78
11.74
-0.19
60) European Union
0.09
1.84
-2.47
-1.49
3.03
3.62
3.37
61) Finland
1.09
4.09
-1.94
-4.93
-2.57
0.69
7.17
62) France
2.08
2.06
0.23
-0.81
0.03
0.99
2.84
63) Gabon
32.7
20.8
12.4
7.04
7.75
-9
4.07
64) Gambia
15.7
-14.9
54.9
-24.5
5.24
-1.59
-2.8
65) Georgia
34.05
24.7
19.2
-10
24.4
17
9.95
66) Germany
5.38
7.16
-0.65
-1.25
3.73
1.54
3.06
67) Ghana
24.3
1.54
50.2
7.52
2.8
2.72
68) Greece
-19.3
-20.4
-23.4
-8.42
-4.67
-0.35
1.57
69) Greenland
76
23.8
-41.1
-19.5
-20.5
9.78
70) Guatemala
-2.06
7.1
3.6
1.48
4.43
5.92
2.34
71) Guinea Bissau
13
-2.53
19.4
-11.7
2.1
6.61
-2.07
72) Guinea
31.26
5.71
3.06
2.76
0.47
2.47
73) Haiti
-6.52
9.57
6.15
6.09
2.03
3.64
1.06
74) Heavily indebted poor countries (HIPC)
9.45
6.46
7.84
10.8
6.74
2.14
3.5
75) High income: OECD
1.3
2.78
2.33
76) High income: nonOECD
6.64
7.06
5.66
77) High income
1.37
3
2.48
1.72
3.29
2.28
1.37
78) Honduras
1.39
16.8
3.72
-1.91
0.64
12.1
-7.28
79) Hong Kong
7.69
10.2
6.78
2.56
-0.11
-3.17
-0.26
80) Hungary
-9.47
-1.33
-2.95
9.84
12.3
1.94
-10.5
81) Iceland
-8.64
11.5
5.27
2.24
16
17.7
22.6
82) India
10.9
12.2
4.93
1.56
3.35
6.54
2.37
83) Indonesia
8.48
8.85
9.12
5.01
4.44
5.01
4.47
84) Iran
3.29
4.62
-19
-7.77
7.82
-12
-3.72
85) Ireland
-15
0.07
16.5
-3.96
18.1
28.1
60.8
86) Israel
9.74
13.3
4.33
3.63
0.75
-0.78
11.8
87) Italy
-0.55
-1.94
-9.26
-6.63
-2.28
1.93
2.79
88) Ivory Coast
22.7
-38.5
46.9
54.5
18.8
14.6
15.1
89) Jamaica
-2.57
8.14
-4.95
5.51
3.04
-5.03
0.41
90) Japan
-1.59
1.65
3.54
4.93
2.88
0.09
0.92
91) Jordan
-13.29
2.93
10.3
7.18
2.06
-9.9
92) Kazakhstan
3.8
3.4
9.9
5.5
4.39
4.19
93) Kenya
13.8
4.75
12.3
2.11
14.2
6.69
-9.32
94) Kosovo
11
8.14
-13.6
-0.21
-3.28
12.4
9.74
95) Kuwait
15.4
1.95
96) Kyrgyzstan
-7.2
-4.41
36.4
1.26
17.4
3.87
3.69
97) Laos
-12.84
17.51
28.97
1.67
4.2
11.1
-4.88
98) Latin America & Caribbean (all income levels)
9.28
9.31
3.94
99) Latin America & Caribbean (developing only)
9.6
8.26
3.23
100) Latvia
-19.7
24
14.3
-6.03
0.06
-0.48
-14.9
101) Least developed countries: UN classification
8.43
6.99
3.93
8.51
7.24
3.36
3.44
102) Lebanon
5.03
-1.07
-2.38
12.4
-6.84
-4.29
19.8
103) Lesotho
12.7
6.04
32.3
-9.9
5.56
3.52
-6.19
104) Liberia
14.6
26.9
25.3
12.8
0.26
-2.83
-2.05
105) Lithuania
1.47
20.1
-1.77
8.29
5.75
4.82
-0.47
106) Low & middle income
11.1
9.42
6.62
6.35
4.3
3.74
4
107) Low income
11.7
6.98
3.93
11.8
7.4
0.56
-0.91
108) Lower middle income
9.49
7.72
6
2.97
3.96
6.17
5.23
109) Luxembourg
3.53
13.6
6.11
1.24
4.29
-8.03
0.48
110) Macau
-16.6
17.1
20.2
9.25
37
5.41
-13.3
111) Macedonia
-4.95
9.38
1.81
2.37
5.68
2.14
-7.31
112) Madagascar
-12.2
1.25
5.81
-2.72
1.19
3.02
12.3
113) Malawi
1.84
-46.2
17.3
16
3.25
1.33
23
114) Malaysia
11
6.35
18.9
8.12
4.79
3.58
2.67
115) Mali
10.6
15
-24.1
15.8
5.19
7.54
6.91
116) Malta
26.4
-16.1
1.47
1.17
7.35
48.3
-0.41
117) Marshall Islands
18.9
-55.9
-33.7
107.3
-23.3
2.37
118) Mauritania
64.1
22.3
24.1
14.7
-8.76
2.04
119) Mauritius
-0.7
1.4
-0.8
-3.3
-6
-5.37
3.69
120) Mexico
1.27
7.81
4.78
-1.55
2.96
4.25
0.13
121) Middle East & North Africa (developing only)
4.41
2.35
-6.73
122) Middle income
11.1
9.45
6.64
6.31
4.27
3.76
4.04
123) Moldova
17.1
13
1.8
3.8
9.99
-2.3
-2.99
124) Mongolia
33.01
66.1
14.6
-7.17
-21.6
-30.5
1.87
125) Montenegro
-18.5
-7.17
-2.43
10.6
-2.53
11.9
27.5
126) Morocco
-1.44
7.79
3.61
-0.52
-1.25
0.21
9.32
127) Mozambique
17.5
17.1
73.7
53.1
23.9
-22.7
-29.9
128) Namibia
-1.19
-4.36
31.2
13.5
33.6
8.59
-25.3
129) Nepal
16.6
-0.72
-5.49
16.4
11.3
19.5
-12.2
130) Netherlands
-6.51
5.56
-6.28
-4.25
2.28
10.9
5.26
131) New Zealand
3.65
5.98
5.05
9.76
6.77
2.54
5.61
132) Nicaragua
7.43
22
20.6
5.33
3.32
19.9
4.78
133) Niger
17.1
0.85
2.15
6.68
9.93
8.65
-14.2
134) Nigeria
15.2
-8.24
2.55
7.86
13.4
-1.31
135) North America
2.29
3.81
6.1
2.83
4.31
2.59
0.19
136) Norway
-6.43
7.45
7.55
6.32
-0.26
-4
-0.23
137) OECD members
1.45
3.38
2.44
1.84
3.29
2.57
1.61
138) Oman
2.28
1.27
26.1
6.11
0.8
2.52
139) Other small states
8.76
8.81
6.98
140) Pakistan
-7.32
-7.7
2.42
2.58
2.52
15.7
6.68
141) Palau
9.8
18.3
-1.12
-12.1
51.4
-1.91
2.21
142) Panama
13.3
24.9
20.8
20.4
9.79
4.28
3.79
143) Paraguay
21.7
11
-7.7
11.9
8.84
2.15
7.86
144) Peru
21.8
9.92
14.8
5.37
-2.01
-6.4
-4.16
145) Philippines
19
-1.89
10.8
11.8
7.17
16.8
25.2
146) Poland
-0.04
8.76
-1.77
-1.06
10
6.13
-7.91
147) Portugal
-0.94
-12.5
-16.6
-5.05
2.32
5.83
1.58
148) Puerto Rico
-6.4
9.43
3.97
-5.82
149) Romania
-2.42
2.91
0.1
-5.44
3.16
7.37
-3.46
150) Russia
5.9
18.3
5.01
1.34
-1.75
-9.88
-1.79
151) Rwanda
7.19
10.8
21
7.8
4.87
18.7
9.03
152) Saudi Arabia
10.6
15.6
4.96
5.61
7.48
3.57
-10.8
153) Senegal
1.48
9.02
1.34
19.6
7.93
6.84
8.39
154) Serbia
-6.52
4.55
13.2
-12
-3.59
5.6
5.05
155) Sierra Leone
239.8
42.1
-25.9
-15.7
-5.3
-15.2
8.41
156) Singapore
7.82
5.16
8.2
5.71
-1.09
1.08
-2.54
157) Slovakia
7.24
12.6
-8.99
-0.87
3
19.7
-8.25
158) Slovenia
-13.3
-4.93
-8.83
3.15
1.06
-1.58
-3.6
159) Small states
6.23
8.56
5.94
160) South Africa
-3.91
5.53
2.6
7.18
1.68
2.32
-3.93
161) South Asia
9.95
11.3
5.31
1.89
3.6
6.87
2.97
162) South Korea
5.51
0.83
-0.48
3.3
3.36
5.05
5.22
163) South Sudan
-5.72
7.28
-53.2
17.6
-2.5
-0.02
164) Spain
-4.86
-6.93
-8.6
-3.44
4.68
6.5
3.32
165) Sri Lanka
5.95
16.5
16
5.53
-1.67
3.03
9.65
166) Sub-Saharan Africa (all income levels)
4.83
4.98
4.65
167) Sub-Saharan Africa (developing only)
4.69
4.82
5.05
168) Sudan
0.39
-5.01
-23.1
8.32
0.03
4.5
3.7
169) Suriname
12
6.02
12
22
170) Swaziland
0.02
-6.69
3.21
0.04
1.82
-0.98
13.1
171) Sweden
6.02
5.65
-0.23
0.63
5.46
6.94
5.63
172) Switzerland
4.4
4.44
3.29
0.55
3.02
2.23
3.06
173) Tajikistan
5.96
5.63
5.33
5.06
174) Tanzania
11.4
21.7
1
4.44
12.8
10.6
12.4
175) Thailand
11.6
4.87
10.2
-0.82
-2.61
176) Timor Leste
1.35
68.8
-13.5
-21.2
6.1
-4
177) Togo
23.5
5.94
48
3.09
7.54
17.5
-6.36
178) Trinidad and Tobago
-2.45
30.4
25.1
10.8
4.62
-31.4
179) Tunisia
10.2
-9.16
9.08
5.89
180) Turkey
22.5
23.8
2.7
13.8
5.09
9.28
2.24
181) Uganda
9.16
13.1
2.9
9.85
2.27
-0.54
8.67
182) Ukraine
4.9
8.5
4.97
-8.36
-23.9
-9.19
20.1
183) United Arab Emirates
-9.56
-0.13
1.05
-5.68
10.8
4.31
2.29
184) United Kingdom
4.52
2.16
2.07
3.41
7.08
2.77
1.34
185) United States
1.11
3.69
6.27
3.04
4.78
3.54
0.59
186) Upper middle income
11.5
9.87
6.79
7.11
4.35
3.21
3.78
187) Uruguay
16
6.97
18.1
3.79
2.4
-9.23
0.91
188) Uzbekistan
9.19
7.9
11.6
9.8
10.6
9.6
9.5
189) Vanuatu
-4.6
-15.3
-16.9
17
9.78
190) Venezuela
-6.29
4.36
23.3
-9.03
-16.9
191) Vietnam
10.8
-7.81
1.87
5.29
9.25
9.35
9.91
192) West Bank and Gaza
-5.89
20.8
12.9
4.02
-10.1
8.95
-0.92
193) World
5.07
5.58
4.2
3.68
3.73
2.91
2.52
194) Zimbabwe
84.2
-5.62
-22.1
22.3
12.7
5.55
0.5
CSV