R&D researchers per million people

Save the current configuration of this report including all selections, filters, and sorting.
Description to be displayed for the saved view.
Fields
Share

Researchers in R&D are professionals engaged in the conception or creation of new knowledge, products, processes, methods, or systems and in the management of the projects concerned. Postgraduate PhD students (ISCED97 level 6) engaged in R&D are included.
Source: The World Bank: World Development Indicators    # of Reporting Countries: 149
Frequency: Annual    Earliest: 1996-12     Latest: 2015-12

2009-12 2010-12 2011-12 2012-12 2013-12 2014-12 2015-12
1) Angola
52.4
2) Argentina
1,072
1,120
1,177
1,199
1,193
1,202
3) Australia
4,530
4) Austria
4,146
4,359
4,405
4,695
4,763
4,883
4,955
5) Bahrain
32.59
38.06
50.54
36.74
49.65
361.9
6) Belgium
3,522
3,735
3,878
4,115
4,156
4,175
4,875
7) Bolivia
146
165.9
8) Bosnia Herzegovina
150.7
216.6
266.6
328.7
9) Botswana
164.8
175.5
10) Brazil
656
698.1
11) Bulgaria
1,604
1,482
1,618
1,547
1,692
1,833
1,989
12) Burkina Faso
47.4
13) Cambodia
30.2
14) Canada
4,451
4,649
4,785
4,634
4,518
15) Cape Verde
50.4
16) Central Europe and the Baltics
1,759
1,830
1,846
1,919
1,996
2,103
2,142
17) Chile
289
319.7
353.3
390.9
335.2
427
455.4
18) China
864
902.9
977.6
1,035
1,089
1,113
1,176
19) Colombia
165
182.2
168
146
115.9
114.8
20) Costa Rica
998
384.5
409
339.6
357.8
572.9
21) Croatia
1,601
1,645
1,591
1,560
1,528
1,437
1,501
22) Cyprus
801
1,077
1,061
1,012
1,026
1,048
1,013
23) Czech Republic
2,749
2,781
2,912
3,149
3,249
3,418
3,611
24) Denmark
6,660
6,743
7,025
7,155
7,088
7,333
7,483
25) East Asia & Pacific (all income levels)
1,181
1,432
1,480
1,575
26) East Asia & Pacific (developing only)
735
915
971
1,052
27) Ecuador
118
141.3
180.2
282.1
351.6
400.7
28) Egypt
437
496.7
496.1
521.7
543.8
681.6
679.8
29) El Salvador
65.2
30) Estonia
3,229
3,060
3,396
3,460
3,338
3,284
3,189
31) Ethiopia
42.2
45.1
32) Euro area
3,254
3,365
3,403
3,522
3,561
3,572
3,513
33) Europe & Central Asia (all income levels)
2,735
2,792
2,737
2,890
34) Europe & Central Asia (developing only)
967
997
936
1,058
35) European Union
3,134
3,221
3,239
3,343
3,435
3,487
3,485
36) Finland
7,649
7,717
7,413
7,460
7,187
6,985
6,816
37) France
3,741
3,867
3,939
4,073
4,169
4,168
38) Gambia
109
33.5
39) Georgia
561.6
1,059
1,288
40) Germany
3,941
4,077
4,211
4,379
4,399
4,363
4,431
41) Ghana
38.6
42) Greece
2,212
2,232
2,643
2,715
3,201
43) Guatemala
38.42
24.6
24.5
26.7
44) High income: OECD
3,856
3,860
3,959
4,029
45) High income: nonOECD
2,290
2,335
2,337
2,310
46) High income
3,545
3,846
3,921
3,985
4,043
4,143
47) Hong Kong
2,775
2,942
2,893
2,990
3,135
3,297
3,248
48) Hungary
1,999
2,131
2,304
2,393
2,522
2,650
2,568
49) Iceland
7,969
7,034
5,679
5,902
50) India
156.6
215.8
51) Indonesia
89.53
52) Iran
712
738.1
691.4
53) Iraq
402
416.2
425.4
67.8
64.2
54) Ireland
3,113
3,070
3,281
3,481
3,605
4,433
4,575
55) Israel
7,296
8,255
56) Italy
1,713
1,735
1,778
1,853
1,943
1,976
2,018
57) Japan
5,148
5,152
5,160
5,083
5,201
5,386
5,230
58) Jordan
307.9
59) Kazakhstan
347
369.2
384.4
609.6
734
60) Kenya
230.7
61) Kuwait
140
133
126.8
128.3
62) Latin America & Caribbean (all income levels)
493
524
63) Latin America & Caribbean (developing only)
464
492
64) Latvia
1,710
1,863
1,912
1,916
1,801
1,884
1,833
65) Lesotho
23.01
5.85
23.2
66) Lithuania
2,676
2,753
2,732
2,659
2,887
3,111
2,822
67) Low & middle income
618.5
68) Luxembourg
4,829
5,144
5,444
4,338
4,594
4,723
5,058
69) Macau
575
654.2
615.1
744.9
928.2
1,053
1,308
70) Macedonia
434
534.2
446.6
613.2
676.4
838.4
858.8
71) Madagascar
45.38
52.1
51
72) Malawi
49.5
73) Malaysia
1,070
1,458
1,639
1,773
2,017
2,261
74) Mali
29.1
75) Malta
1,206
1,443
1,804
2,018
1,929
1,881
1,951
76) Mauritius
181.1
77) Mexico
368
324.5
330.8
238.3
241.8
78) Middle East & North Africa (developing only)
626
79) Middle income
659.8
80) Moldova
699
663.2
678.5
671.4
643.8
651.9
662
81) Montenegro
652.2
646.7
673.2
836.1
82) Morocco
725
851.9
856.9
1,032
83) Mozambique
11.53
37.5
41.5
84) Namibia
141.4
85) Netherlands
2,833
3,228
3,674
4,372
4,561
4,519
4,548
86) New Zealand
3,719
3,700
4,008
87) North America
4,109
3,945
4,088
4,077
4,157
4,231
88) Norway
5,439
5,407
5,496
5,547
5,569
5,679
5,915
89) OECD members
3,329
3,349
3,425
3,481
3,520
3,960
90) Oman
150.6
170.2
127.2
169.1
201.9
91) Pakistan
166
150.9
166.9
294.3
92) Panama
111
111
118.9
37.9
39.4
93) Paraguay
50.3
169.4
153.2
184
94) Philippines
85
189.4
95) Poland
1,585
1,672
1,661
1,735
1,850
2,035
2,139
96) Portugal
3,761
3,922
4,172
4,041
3,615
3,667
3,824
97) Puerto Rico
674
260.1
319.8
98) Qatar
597
99) Romania
940
974.4
799.5
903.2
938.4
921.5
894.8
100) Russia
3,090
3,087
3,125
3,093
3,073
3,101
3,131
101) Rwanda
12.29
102) Senegal
361.1
103) Serbia
1,149
1,514
1,624
1,643
1,726
1,830
2,071
104) Singapore
6,149
6,306
6,495
6,442
6,665
6,658
105) Slovakia
2,460
2,808
2,832
2,819
2,717
2,718
2,654
106) Slovenia
3,645
3,753
4,261
4,306
4,216
4,149
3,820
107) South Africa
388
362.6
385
404.6
437
108) South Asia
155.8
225.7
109) South Korea
5,001
5,380
5,853
6,361
6,456
6,899
7,087
110) Spain
2,890
2,889
2,788
2,718
2,652
2,642
2,654
111) Sri Lanka
105.9
110.9
112) Sweden
5,069
5,255
5,146
5,163
6,670
6,868
7,021
113) Switzerland
4,481
114) Tanzania
35
18.4
115) Thailand
331
543
116) Togo
34.4
34.6
35.9
38.1
117) Tunisia
1,264
1,384
1,429
1,622
1,792
1,803
1,787
118) Turkey
811
889.7
980.8
1,097
1,168
1,156
119) Uganda
38
120) Ukraine
1,350
1,332
1,261
1,234
1,165
1,026
1,005
121) United Arab Emirates
2,003
122) United Kingdom
4,116
4,091
3,979
4,029
4,185
4,299
4,470
123) United States
4,072
3,868
4,011
4,015
4,117
4,231
124) Upper middle income
758
951.7
1,023
1,073
1,111
1,223
125) Uruguay
481
549.1
524.8
537.2
529
504.1
524.2
126) Uzbekistan
549.3
533.7
528.4
522.5
517.5
514.6
127) Venezuela
182
200.1
228.3
290.9
357.8
128) Vietnam
674.8
129) West Bank and Gaza
143
322.4
564
130) World
1,277
131) Zimbabwe
89.6
CSV