Reserves and related items (BoP, current US$)

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Reserves and related items is the net change in a country's holdings of international reserves resulting from transactions on the current, capital, and financial accounts. Reserve assets are those external assets that are readily available to and controlled by monetary authorities for meeting balance of payments financing needs, and include holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights (SDRs), reserve position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and other reserve assets. Also included are net credit and loans from the IMF (excluding reserve position) and total exceptional financing. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
Source: The World Bank: World Development Indicators    # of Reporting Countries: 189
Frequency: Annual    Earliest: 2005-12     Latest: 2016-12

2010-12 2011-12 2012-12 2013-12 2014-12 2015-12 2016-12
1) Afghanistan
900.3M
781.38M
395.51M
475.17M
550.33M
-329.32M
527.18M
2) Albania
249.43M
-25.68M
106.27M
146.55M
67.97M
576.02M
-114.44M
3) Algeria
15.21B
20.19B
12.04B
107.28M
-5.94B
-27.45B
-26.05B
4) Angola
5.56B
8.45B
3.98B
29.77M
-3.43B
-2.69B
526.11M
5) Antigua and Barbuda
-19.91M
-42,674
-14.4M
12.47M
112.3M
76.51M
-3.38M
6) Argentina
4.16B
-6.11B
-3.3B
-11.82B
1.19B
-4.91B
14.32B
7) Armenia
-290.73M
42.04M
4.22M
661.6M
-545.08M
341.49M
443.03M
8) Aruba
-10.56M
-36.26M
66.31M
-43.13M
9.22M
145.59M
97.04M
9) Australia
429.96M
4.55B
2.54B
5.51B
3.64B
-2.35B
7.85B
10) Austria
1.45B
991.49M
1.24B
525.68M
2.89B
-363.52M
534.65M
11) Azerbaijan
1.37B
4.19B
1.11B
2.23B
213.52M
-8.43B
-992.41M
12) Bahamas
47.75M
25.07M
-75.05M
-68.63M
51.51M
28.08M
95.12M
13) Bahrain
1.28B
-587.28M
672.82M
172.62M
556.48M
14) Bangladesh
1.02B
-1.81B
3.54B
5.28B
4.57B
5.42B
4.96B
15) Barbados
-45.29M
-12.68M
28.02M
-156.07M
16) Belarus
-1.48B
1.55B
106.56M
-94.41M
-2.15B
-544.27M
482.58M
17) Belgium
820.44M
1.5B
668.44M
-471.69M
-1.36B
-1.07B
-1.01B
18) Belize
4.99M
18.21M
55.46M
117.32M
84.87M
-103.67M
-59.24M
19) Benin
-294.16M
-531.17M
-394.86M
-52.72M
105.96M
73.95M
20) Bermuda
3.14M
11.15M
-5.27M
8.27M
-15.18M
6.55M
10.03M
21) Bhutan
89.9M
14.12M
-159.45M
167.95M
70.52M
-4.68M
206.69M
22) Bolivia
924.31M
2.16B
1.71B
1.12B
932.26M
-1.61B
-3.05B
23) Bosnia Herzegovina
-60.31M
-24.1M
-82.33M
524.41M
376.99M
549.84M
534.58M
24) Botswana
-958.42M
502.87M
-125.27M
160.27M
1.27B
-5.4M
260.21M
25) Brazil
48.1B
59.65B
18.9B
-5.92B
10.83B
1.57B
9.23B
26) Brunei
75.54M
780.75M
702.67M
178.27M
246.12M
-33.78M
170.79M
27) Bulgaria
-413.86M
265.55M
2.68B
-755.27M
2.34B
4.04B
3.85B
28) Burkina Faso
-733.46M
-102.25M
-18.56M
-424.46M
-282.55M
29) Burundi
-9.32M
-35.21M
27.58M
14.7M
-2.35M
-160.91M
-18.95M
30) Cambodia
163.04M
321.5M
388.17M
362.61M
754.71M
830.73M
903.03M
31) Cameroon
6.84M
-325.73M
118.71M
-70.67M
130.31M
737.72M
32) Canada
3.81B
7.92B
1.73B
4.75B
5.24B
8.46B
5.6B
33) Cape Verde
28.31M
-48.39M
49.17M
70.24M
90.81M
36.88M
90.42M
34) Chile
3.02B
14.19B
-365.9M
312.04M
1.06B
225.9M
1.75B
35) China
467.87B
391.72B
96.55B
431.38B
117.78B
-342.94B
-443.63B
36) Colombia
3.12B
3.74B
5.32B
6.94B
4.44B
416.75M
171.9M
37) Comoros
-89.91M
-5.07M
30.71M
38) Congo
921.84M
1.44B
-190.23M
-508.78M
379.43M
39) Costa Rica
561.14M
132.36M
2.11B
460.9M
-113.21M
644.02M
-229.72M
40) Croatia
17.53M
542.74M
78.25M
2.47B
-764.52M
845.48M
-309.78M
41) Cyprus
-296.47M
-10.37M
-60.46M
-385.96M
-224.97M
-457.91M
-162.86M
42) Czech Republic
2.08B
-1B
4.19B
9.61B
3.54B
14.29B
22.98B
43) DR Congo
-10.65B
-82.26M
600.7M
59.33M
76.08M
-281.61M
-528.27M
44) Denmark
4.28B
10.55B
1.85B
-993.67M
-8.16B
-3.08B
2.27B
45) Djibouti
13.04M
-9.24M
-13.34M
176.3M
-30.05M
-25.87M
43.4M
46) Dominica
1.24M
6.48M
2.73M
-4.77M
16.1M
18.4M
97.27M
47) Dominican Republic
72.66M
161.67M
-440.57M
1.34B
650.68M
774.04M
895.39M
48) Ecuador
-1.28B
204.2M
-689.73M
1.79B
-474.13M
-1.54B
1.31B
49) Egypt
-218.16M
-19.74B
-5.79B
903.31M
-3.26B
-423.61M
4.69B
50) El Salvador
-297.42M
-414.14M
651.53M
-326.68M
-32.78M
113.04M
451.78M
51) Estonia
-1.11B
17.15M
90.85M
12.03M
164.2M
26.04M
-51.1M
52) Ethiopia
-986.81M
-708.89M
330.04M
-145.93M
-1.26B
-457.75M
491.15M
53) Euro area
83.7M
-34.35B
-1.34B
-9.87B
19.18B
42.14B
25.37B
54) Fiji
137.32M
120.58M
68.17M
74.09M
22.21M
66.87M
55) Finland
-2.12B
515.6M
687.51M
1.05B
-284.04M
-242.32M
608.34M
56) France
7.78B
-8.38B
5.49B
-2.02B
1.11B
7.99B
2.3B
57) French Polynesia
-11,126
58) Gambia
-3.41M
41.05M
36.94M
5.76M
-24.96M
-6.3M
3.38M
59) Georgia
-212.76M
138.89M
-563.82M
-172.35M
-115.48M
-369.95M
-1.21B
60) Germany
2.13B
3.91B
1.7B
1.16B
-3.3B
-2.42B
1.9B
61) Ghana
560.64M
450.75M
-478.41M
-723.28M
-114.43M
-82.42M
261.11M
62) Greece
-13.94B
-13.31B
-2.14B
-6.46B
5.47B
10.58B
4.27B
63) Grenada
-15.99M
1.88M
-1.9M
31.54M
16.79M
27.48M
9.41M
64) Guatemala
676.96M
206.02M
-201.04M
302.14M
72.5M
475.35M
1.39B
65) Guinea Bissau
-946.16M
65.43M
-57.83M
14.5M
127.95M
71.05M
66) Guinea
65.4M
625.79M
-734.31M
-254.87M
5.18M
181.45M
-213.64M
67) Guyana
-195.35M
-54.73M
-110.76M
49.38M
22.34M
24.67M
68) Haiti
-1.67B
-1.81B
-729.75M
-738.98M
-1.05B
-719.96M
-293.41M
69) Honduras
567.2M
43.39M
-293.65M
482.57M
455.97M
280.88M
67.27M
70) Hong Kong
7.62B
11.15B
24.36B
7.46B
17.94B
36.38B
1.14B
71) Hungary
4.16B
5.55B
621.44M
8.34B
1.2B
-5.39B
-6.84B
72) Iceland
1.66B
2.01B
-3.01B
14.91M
715.84M
1.42B
2.43B
73) India
13.11B
-3.1B
-4.02B
10.93B
37.58B
44.07B
15.74B
74) Indonesia
30.34B
11.86B
214.81M
-7.33B
15.25B
-1.1B
12.09B
75) Iraq
5.07B
9.92B
9.25B
8.03B
-11.13B
-14.19B
-9.78B
76) Ireland
-41.75M
-17.64B
-8.47B
-4.42B
11.31B
11.77B
1.44B
77) Israel
12.08B
4.73B
-135.17M
4.67B
7.16B
7.34B
8.13B
78) Italy
1.34B
1.17B
1.88B
2B
-1.21B
593.06M
-1.29B
79) Ivory Coast
1.43B
614.92M
-626.37M
-16.63M
647.65M
586.14M
80) Jamaica
-348.1M
-267.78M
-823.23M
-179.37M
800.34M
428.25M
272.04M
81) Japan
41.2B
176.62B
-38.26B
38.78B
8.48B
5.13B
-5.33B
82) Jordan
1.46B
-1.65B
-3.65B
4.58B
1.99B
227.63M
-905.03M
83) Kazakhstan
4.71B
300.45M
-4.31B
-2.38B
4.25B
-767.84M
-256.83M
84) Kenya
141.6M
-1.21B
1.22B
393.74M
1.38B
-291.04M
120.62M
85) Kiribati
9.5M
1.97M
-16.86M
13.27M
2.23M
129.05M
33.27M
86) Kosovo
31.93M
-82.16M
150.02M
-49.57M
-58M
82.01M
-65.4M
87) Kuwait
610.78M
4.47B
3.36B
3.36B
1.25B
-2.83B
3.05B
88) Kyrgyzstan
103.22M
97.34M
157.42M
78.68M
-251.13M
-67.33M
320.25M
89) Laos
102.58M
-52.06M
-106.51M
-76.38M
159.63M
174.64M
-168.83M
90) Latvia
578.76M
-1.2B
2.54B
520.45M
-154.64M
347.74M
118.44M
91) Lebanon
3.06B
2.29B
617.29M
2.06B
3.31B
-914.95M
3.86B
92) Lesotho
-209.37M
65.71M
109.28M
211.57M
124.5M
113.32M
-160.29M
93) Liberia
2B
-290.96M
31.24M
19.1M
-53.23M
-9.05M
94) Libya
4.17B
3.37B
13.41B
-6.91B
95) Lithuania
491.3M
1.87B
120.23M
-575.33M
1.62B
-1.48B
902.44M
96) Luxembourg
34.28M
164.09M
-21.91M
74.19M
-129.95M
-55.31M
220.56M
97) Macau
5.16B
10.18B
3.77B
-571.63M
77.26M
2.32B
442.72M
98) Macedonia
78.11M
132.79M
184.67M
-47.54M
660.01M
-45.58M
373.95M
99) Madagascar
60.34M
125.04M
-84.29M
-260.59M
16.02M
66.63M
282.21M
100) Malawi
114.22M
-107.98M
-10.2M
177.15M
180.73M
100.79M
101) Malaysia
-36.91M
31.16B
1.34B
4.4B
-11.08B
346.4M
3.6B
102) Maldives
82.48M
-15.15M
-30.42M
69.24M
253.36M
-49.1M
-95.82M
103) Mali
-176.98M
4.53M
-80.6M
-212.87M
-485.3M
104) Malta
26.85M
-61M
163.77M
-46.82M
30.36M
-98.15M
101.89M
105) Marshall Islands
-40.9
-73.5
15,788
39,570
12
106) Mauritania
210.32M
-62.72M
-385.77M
78.21M
-146.55M
107) Mauritius
209.05M
195.13M
191.54M
541.01M
755.85M
567.35M
739.57M
108) Mexico
20.71B
28.23B
17.52B
17.78B
16.72B
-15.42B
-1.84M
109) Micronesia
4.65M
25.13M
5.02M
1.35M
10.51M
110) Moldova
67.12M
94.19M
360.31M
303.59M
-509.21M
-265.95M
568.67M
111) Mongolia
874.84M
17.81M
1.64B
-1.87B
-470.98M
-268.07M
-10.8M
112) Montenegro
13.37M
-149.37M
52.71M
105.29M
161.12M
146.7M
136.54M
113) Morocco
-3.01B
-6.41B
-8.37B
-5.26B
4.04B
4.31B
2.87B
114) Mozambique
201.06M
243.69M
377.43M
396.07M
-107.34M
-679.35M
-427.7M
115) Myanmar
558.51M
1.27B
6.92B
2.62B
672.92M
105.68M
502.88M
116) Namibia
-497.98M
502.16M
6.89M
62.19M
-151.3M
707.22M
69.37M
117) Nepal
162.27M
999.65M
717.17M
1.46B
846.44M
2.33B
668.71M
118) Netherlands
491.99M
3.27B
2.77B
-129.24M
-1.6B
-463.28M
-3.52B
119) New Caledonia
11,649
120) New Zealand
846.9M
413.93M
514.9M
-842.22M
-139.55M
-520.89M
3.1B
121) Nicaragua
202.05M
72.58M
-2.53M
111.67M
313.42M
231.19M
-22.94M
122) Niger
105.85M
-66.21M
310.4M
97.68M
234.17M
-164.18M
123) Nigeria
-9.69B
305.85M
11.1B
-980.1M
-8.38B
-5.98B
-977.81M
124) Norway
3.76B
-3.12B
535.43M
3.2B
7.18B
-4.97B
2.83B
125) Oman
1.51B
1.52B
1.04B
12.3B
1.12B
604.68M
-9.17B
126) Pakistan
693.79M
-275.84M
-2.02B
-2.56B
7.1B
3.85B
1.42B
127) Palau
-34.9
-63.9
13,985
35,076
13.4
128) Panama
-1.28B
-1.74B
36.95M
400.87M
1.22B
-77.62M
608.87M
129) Papua New Guinea
85M
-1.01B
-126.49M
180.49M
-104.72M
-89.85M
-330.99M
130) Paraguay
319.43M
782.02M
-24.07M
1.04B
1.14B
-559.54M
971.89M
131) Peru
10.97B
4.68B
15.17B
1.65B
-3.3B
-769.18M
233.59M
132) Philippines
17.53B
11.4B
9.24B
5.09B
-2.86B
2.62B
-419.15M
133) Poland
15.11B
6.11B
11.19B
945.83M
370.55M
1.1B
22.67B
134) Portugal
1.32B
-19.89B
-10.37B
-3.99B
-185.77M
10.79B
10.08B
135) Qatar
-14.34B
16.08B
9.06B
1.29B
-5.5B
-5.58B
136) Romania
-1.16B
201.88M
229.66M
8.83B
3.96B
894.59M
2.62B
137) Russia
36.75B
12.64B
30.02B
-22.08B
-107.55B
1.7B
8.24B
138) Rwanda
72.09M
234.58M
-212.43M
228.5M
-90.42M
-28.52M
-122.27M
139) Saint Lucia
21.09M
-491,883
16.49M
-39.79M
67.72M
63.84M
-8.81M
140) Samoa
24.33M
-41.77M
-35,304
-19.11M
-25.12M
39.53M
141) Sao Tome and Principe
13.3M
-5.28M
-10.74M
5.53M
-1.96M
4.16M
-21.19M
142) Saudi Arabia
35.26B
96.06B
115.77B
69.13B
7.48B
-115.37B
-80.35B
143) Senegal
-529.34M
-47.38M
99.87M
88.13M
64.64M
144) Serbia
-1.68B
2.43B
-1.18B
1.84B
-1.6B
346.34M
-332.6M
145) Seychelles
302.31M
22.42M
21.67M
94.69M
41.19M
70.55M
7.46M
146) Sierra Leone
-319.23M
-141.87M
-134.28M
-69.04M
-963.44M
-637.33M
147) Singapore
42.35B
17.24B
26.22B
18.1B
6.82B
1.05B
-1.76B
148) Sint Maarten
-2.38M
-86.45M
-21.13M
63.59M
3.41M
26.08M
149) Slovakia
36.66M
119.18M
-21.36M
96.39M
552.27M
336.07M
-64.07M
150) Slovenia
-31.13M
-104.27M
-41.85M
5.48M
124.42M
-122.99M
-108.39M
151) Solomon Islands
93.51M
129.9M
78.98M
58.72M
700,671
53.39M
5.81M
152) South Africa
3.8B
4.71B
1.2B
499.08M
1.4B
-756.58M
2.91B
153) South Korea
26.97B
13.95B
13.18B
16.3B
17.89B
12.05B
7.69B
154) South Sudan
-521.31M
-179.85M
-165.08M
155) Spain
1.05B
13.63B
2.93B
688.97M
4.86B
5.7B
9.25B
156) Sri Lanka
-2.78B
-3.07B
-22.99M
1.57B
2.27B
860.69M
-349.57M
157) St Kitts Nevis
33.3M
40.33M
-13.66M
33.74M
47.84M
-580,472
41.29M
158) St Vincent Grenadines
31.23M
-28.35M
20.97M
24.07M
16.6M
16.42M
20.93M
159) Sudan
-1.7B
-1.84B
-1.79B
-2.16B
-351.79M
-309.34M
-853.99M
160) Suriname
35.02M
124.11M
180.13M
-147.74M
-150.18M
-302.31M
-631.19M
161) Swaziland
-230.86M
-99.96M
151.8M
195.39M
-23.71M
-23.72M
-25.3M
162) Sweden
-1.19B
646.81M
547.96M
14.91B
485.62M
1.31B
4.38B
163) Switzerland
125.38B
54.67B
184.52B
13.99B
35.9B
98.77B
78.22B
164) Syria
2.08B
165) Tajikistan
-122.71M
108.43M
81.87M
-43.55M
-85.11M
29.59M
66.27M
166) Tanzania
348.92M
-160.09M
295.13M
522.95M
-256.6M
-231.19M
338.77M
167) Thailand
31.25B
1.19B
5.24B
-5.13B
-1.22B
5.88B
168) Timor Leste
156.47M
55.46M
421.93M
-202.32M
-389.61M
220.22M
-156.48M
169) Togo
13.89M
71.23M
-337.19M
49.4M
73.3M
131.81M
170) Tonga
-14.06M
33.51M
14.81M
7.62M
171) Trinidad and Tobago
436.17M
803.96M
-612.65M
804.36M
1.35B
-1.54B
-447.43M
172) Tunisia
-169.79M
-1.68B
1.37B
-847.64M
-131.72M
82.38M
-830.88M
173) Turkey
14.97B
1.01B
22.82B
10.77B
-484.48M
-11.83B
812.92M
174) Tuvalu
-3.82M
-1.72M
1.95M
9.63M
175) Uganda
-91.07M
-132.89M
487.86M
181.06M
24.27M
-443.27M
318.25M
176) Ukraine
5.04B
-2.45B
-4.17B
2B
-13.31B
792.57M
1.37B
177) United Kingdom
10.01B
10.87B
11.63B
6.96B
10.14B
31.32B
8.65B
178) United States
1.83B
15.98B
4.46B
-3.09B
-3.58B
-6.3B
2.1B
179) Uruguay
-387.11M
2.54B
3.29B
2.98B
1.37B
-1.68B
-2.19B
180) Vanuatu
6.05M
12.63M
5.41M
10.04M
12.28M
75.65M
181) Venezuela
-7.94B
-4.01B
-846.18M
-4.41B
-609.1M
-4.47B
-6.35B
182) Vietnam
-1.76B
1.15B
11.86B
556.94M
8.37B
-6.03B
8.39B
183) West Bank and Gaza
36.39M
-33.69M
137.98M
15.58M
-20.49M
-99.68M
-270.74M
184) Yemen
-1.56B
-2.12B
1.15B
-1.04B
-1.3B
-2.64B
185) Zambia
-66.41M
106.2M
165.78M
-262.59M
300.97M
-446.19M
-249.82M
186) Zimbabwe
-224.86M
-763.66M
-276.98M
27.34M
-303.67M
-187.09M
61.25M
CSV